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Thread: Artificial Intelligence & Quantum Computing

  1. #31
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    Default Re: Artificial Intelligence & Quantum Computing


    From Axios....


    The last year has seen vigorous pushback against forecasts of a robot nightmare — that machines, over the coming decades, will vaporize whole swaths of employment, leaving tens of millions of people jobless.


    But if the dystopian forecasts were alarmist, the backlash against them are veering too sharply in the other direction.


    The backdrop: In 2015, futurist Martin Ford captured the nightmare vision in "Rise of the Robots," a book that attracted wide attention with a picture of massive job losses rendered by the speed and breadth of the new age of automation.


    Over the last year or so, other futurists have dissented.

    • Instead of this dystopia, a flurry of reports say the U.S. and global economy will produce more than a sufficient number of jobs to employ everyone displaced by robots — just as has happened in every technological cycle over the last 2 centuries.
    • Last December, the McKinsey Global Institute quoted a 1966 report in the Johnson administration: "Technology destroys jobs, but not work.”
    • And in a report this month, the Economist said worries about the new gig economy — about job instability, low pay and a lack of benefits — "are mostly overblown."



    All in all, society is being whipsawed into agitated anxiety, followed by lulling calm.


    What they're saying: I checked with a few people in the future field as to what is going on with the forecasts. The main answer — we are in a real fix, but it is barely yet visible. And, though jobs may be created for everyone once automation digs deep into businesses across the economy, no one knows how long it will take to create them, nor what they will pay.


    Meanwhile, the first signs are already with us:



    • "When you look around, you don't see arobot apocalypse," says Andrew McAfee, co-author of "Machine, Platform, Crowd." "We are not living in a time of massive technological unemployment. But I can't see a middle class as strong, healthy, confident and prosperous as it was 40 years ago."
    • "I think that nobody is noticing, in the reading and writing public, the fact that automation is hitting jobs right now — because it isn't yet hitting their jobs," says Roy Bahat, head of Bloomberg Beta, a venture capital firm.




    History says that technological change — though it can seem sudden — actually moves slowly. The hit from automation will be another 10–20 years, says Azeem Azhar, a senior adviser on artificial intelligence at Accenture. "Look at how long it took the internet (established 1969) to evolve a company that could destroy mattress vendors," he tells Axios. "And yet when it hit those vendors, it smashed them only one year after a major merger."


    Azhar adds: "It has taken cloud computing 12 years to go from Amazon's first offering to something which the bulk of industry will rely on — and that is a much easier shift with more easily understood benefits than these societal ones we expect to see."


    The bottom line: I receive almost weekly pitches from analysts and futurists dismissing the dire forecasts. So why the wave of optimistic projections?
    Bahat says, "I think it is all about staying credible. Warn too far out and soon people will start crying foul when they don't see it. Until it hits the reading and writing public, then staying credible is all about how 'close' to the current conventional wisdom you are."


    Azhar says, "We're all forecasters now, and it is in the interests of the pundits, tech vendors and the founders to promote the future. A faster future = more $$$."
    As a general rule the most successful man in life is the man who has the best information.

  2. #32
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    Default Re: Artificial Intelligence & Quantum Computing

    Interesting numbers, but a bit simplistic (a bit the like the analysis I posted above )

    Lots of kite flying in the AI area and also in digitalisation. Overall, it would seem more likely to me, longer term, that there will be nett job losses.

    One of the blue sky proposals for AI is that it will generate the algorithms, itself, not a programmer.

  3. #33
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    Default Re: Artificial Intelligence & Quantum Computing

    Here is an interesting piece of work -

    https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/1...tum_chemistry/

    Applies only to certain cases apparently, but quick.

    Quantum chemistry is concentrating on the interaction with/of catalysts in chemical reactions. The results could revolutionise the chemical industry/

  4. #34
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    Default Re: Artificial Intelligence & Quantum Computing

    Machine learning could detect AV cyberattacks

    With cars further evolving from “just” hardware into software platforms, the wide range of IT systems in an autonomous vehicle present many opportunities for cyberattacks. Artificial intelligence can detect anomalous vehicle behavior or attempted code interference in real time, Yossi Vardi, CEO of automotive cybersecurity startup SafeRide Technologies, writes for Axios.


    Why it matters: Compromised code in the systems that control acceleration, braking, directional guidance and other crucial safety functions can jeopardize lives on the road.


    After hackers breach an AV’s system, they can identify vulnerabilities, infect additional areas of the vehicle, and collect and extract data.
    Their malicious goals could include anything from tracking the vehicle's movements (perhaps with an eye toward robbing passengers or burglarizing their homes when they are far enough away) to disabling its brakes, putting people both inside and around the vehicle in danger.
    How it works:


    AI uses data from the vehicle's network and central computers to learn its normal behavior, typically before the vehicle is mass-produced. Algorithms can then process operating data to identify and flag any abnormal behavior as a potential cyberattack, triggering safety systems that can intervene.
    These algorithms need to distinguish between real attacks and false positives, such as when a vehicle owner has modified the software for speed or other safety precautions.
    What to watch: Attacks on AVs could spur a “horse race” between developers trying to continually improve traditional security measures and hackers developing more sophisticated attacks to upend these security systems.
    As a general rule the most successful man in life is the man who has the best information.

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