PDA

View Full Version : Memoir of a Haitian Democractic Leader of the 18th Century



C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:44 PM
Originally posted in January on Tok! Forum

http://thelouvertureproject.org/index.php?title=Memoir_of_Toussaint_Louverture%2C_ Written_by_Himself

This short memoir is a very detailed written account of the French assault on the then peaceful and prosperous state of Haiti.
The first sections are quite hard reading, as Toussaint L'Ouverture is setting out the case for his defence, having fought the French army who themselves assaulted Haiti to reimpose slavery.
The picture of robbery, rape and pillage of a peaceful and well run former colony, for purpose of blatant exploitation, and the use of sponsored insurgency and riots to destabilise that country, is just as relevant today.
Toussaint was one of the first great black political leaders in modern history. He subscribed to the end of slavery and to French Republicanism of "Liberty, Fraternity and Equality".


All these disasters happened just at the time that Gen. Leclerc came. Why did he not inform me of his powers before landing? Why did he land without my order and in defiance of the order of the Commission? Did he not commit the first hostilities? Did he not seek to gain over the generals and other officers under my command by every possible means? Did he not try to instigate the laborers to rise, by persuading them that I treated them like slaves, and that he had come to break their chains? Ought he to have employed such means in a country where peace and tranquillity reigned?--in a country which was in the power of the Republic?
If I did oblige my fellow-countrymen to work; it was to teach them the value of true liberty without license; it was to prevent corruption of morals; it was for the general happiness of the island, for the interest of the Republic. And I had effectually succeeded in my undertaking, since there could not be found in all the colony a single man unemployed, and the number of beggars had diminished to such a degree that, apart from a few in the towns, not a single one was to be found in the country.

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:46 PM
Toussaint L'Ouverture's post mortem


http://thelouvertureproject.org/index.php?title=The_Last_Days_Of_Toussaint_L%27Ouv erture[/quote]

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:46 PM
This is a wonderful poem by Wordsworth about one of the great Haitian revolutionary leaders of the 18th Century, when he was imprisoned by the French

TO TOUSSAINT L'OUVERTURE

TOUSSAINT, the most unhappy of men!
Whether the whistling Rustic tend his plough
Within thy hearing, or thy head be now
Pillowed in some deep dungeon's earless den; -
O miserable Chieftain! where and when
Wilt thou find patience? Yet die not; do thou
Wear rather in thy bonds a cheerful brow:
Though fallen thyself, never to rise again,
Live, and take comfort. Thou hast left behind
Powers that will work for thee; air, earth, and skies;
There's not a breathing of the common wind
That will forget thee; thou hast great allies;
Thy friends are exultations, agonies,
And love, and man's unconquerable mind.

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:50 PM
http://thelouvertureproject.org/images/4/40/Toussaint_louverture_horse.jpg

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:51 PM
estouxim wrote:

Fidel Castro on Haiti:
http://hcvanalysis.wordpress.com/2009/05/25/fidel-castro-on-haiti-nothing-can-be-improvised-in-haiti/
Chomsky:
http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Haiti/US_Haiti_Chomsky.html
Bill Clinton, Haiti’s Great White Hope?
http://hcvanalysis.wordpress.com/2009/05/25/haiti-bill-clinton-haitis-great-white-hope-by-john-maxwell/

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:51 PM
Fidel Castro on Haiti:
http://hcvanalysis.wordpress.com/2009/05/25/fidel-castro-on-haiti-nothing-can-be-improvised-in-haiti/
Chomsky:
http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/Haiti/US_Haiti_Chomsky.html
Bill Clinton, Haiti’s Great White Hope?
http://hcvanalysis.wordpress.com/2009/05/25/haiti-bill-clinton-haitis-great-white-hope-by-john-maxwell/
That is powerful and informative.
I caught a few moments of a US spokesman talking about "the danger of violence" - another Hurricane Katrina effort in store ? Heavily armed soldiers standing around while people struggle to stay alive?

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:52 PM
posted by People Korps

Thank Cactus now every one read CLR James book on
Toussaint L'Ouverture, The Black Jacobians, the conclusions make it clear that haiti wa svictim to a Cuba style boycott since the late 18the c
hence its continued problems which predate Papa Doc by over 175 years

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:53 PM
estouxim wrote


Heavily armed soldiers standing around while people struggle to stay alive?
Acording to the news it's what they first sent, troops. And there was a strong emphasis, from the beginning but particularly acute today, on "insecurity, looting, rioting" at least from the few tv channels I watched. Both Al Jazzera and TSR were showing footage of people getting stuff from a colapsed supermarket and from an equally colapsed UN deposit. I think it was in this last one you could see armed UN soldiers guarding it. There was a woman requesting their assistance to save a relative that was trapped inside who called her by cellphone, but aparently that was not their job. The commander said he would report it. A lot of what is being said makes absolutely no sense, for instance the lack of fuel in Port au Prince airport. There must be dozens of airports at less than half hour. I find it hard to believe that anyone with brain cells would be sending airplanes to a catastrophe zone relying in local fuel to get back.
Also telling is that the first rescue efforts were directed at luxury hotels.
As you probably also have noticed people on the ground are saying that they are now tired of seeing airplanes coming in, but see no help on the ground. Also from tv canadian soldiers seem to be comfortable enough in their new camp near the airport.
This is indeed a sick world...

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:54 PM
Thank Cactus now every one read CLR James book on
Toussaint L'Ouverture, The Black Jacobians, the conclusions make it clear that haiti wa svictim to a Cuba style boycott since the late 18the c
hence its continued problems which predate Papa Doc by over 175 years
Indeed, they are still paying for the original sin, breaking the shackles of industrial age slavery. They are there as an example, as a warning for all the niggers of the world.

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:55 PM
This Herald reports says looting stories were exaggerated.

http://www.herald.ie/breaking-news/world-news/quakedevastated-haiti-on-brink-2016160.html (http://www.herald.ie/breaking-news/world-news/quakedevastated-haiti-on-brink-2016160.html)

Yes Robertsons's words about Satan showed they will never be forgiven for freeing themselves.

There's a town close to me that is still bad mouthed as "unreliable" for employers a hundred years after they struck in support of the Dublin lock-out.

Water is probably the most urgent problem - difficult to solve - they need machines to clear the roads, tankers. Desalination ?

The border with the Domincan Republic has been closed.

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:56 PM
Catalpa posted

Napoleon regretted afterwards ever sending an Expedition to that island.

But he stated that all France clamoured for it

and with the Peace of Amiens in 1802 it was possible to dispatch a Fleet with 30,000 soldiers to suppress the Blacks...

The plan to make the inhabitants submit once more to Slavery is undoubtedly the greatest blot on Napoleon's reputation.

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:56 PM
It wasn't only the invasion, it was the wringing of financial compensation out of the Haitians for their own freedom as human beings -

George Hook has worked on housing projects in Haiti and he wrote the best piece I've seen yet on this in the Irish press:

http://www.independent.ie/opinion/analysis/the-short-walk-that-is-a-descent-into-desolation-2017382.html (http://www.independent.ie/opinion/analysis/the-short-walk-that-is-a-descent-into-desolation-2017382.html)

Quote:Nelson Mandela and Martin Luther King were feted as heroes of their peoples. Yet in January 1804, a mere 17 years after the American Declaration of Independence, the black slaves of Haiti revolted and declared the world's first black republic. For 150 years, they were free men while the blacks of Africa and America doffed their caps to their white masters.

France recognised the independence of the country in exchange for a payment of 150m francs, an indemnity for profits lost from the slave trade. The French abolitionist Victor Schoelcher wrote: "Imposing an indemnity on the victorious slaves was equivalent to making them pay with money that which they had already paid with their blood."

It was not until 1862 that the US acknowledged Haiti's independence. The country had become a dangerous symbol of redemption for African peoples, of racial equality and -- most unforgivable -- of anti-colonialism. Therein lay the rub. The wealthy nations were afraid that the black people of the world would get ideas above their station and pose a threat to the great colonial empires. It condemned the new nation to penury.

C. Flower
13-04-2010, 11:57 PM
The appointment of Bill Clinton to head up the UN Haiti Mission squares the circle, but not in a good way.

Demonstrations against the failure to get aid through forced an apology out of Clinton today.

C. Flower
09-07-2010, 01:57 PM
Six months on from the earthquake, so I'm giving this old thread from Tok (more of a blog really :) ) a bump.

People Korps
09-07-2010, 02:02 PM
The Black Jacobins (1938), written by the Afro-Trinidadian writer C. L. R. James is essential reading
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Black_Jacobins

TaxationIsTheft
09-07-2010, 02:05 PM
Its more important that we address the urgent problems facing Ireland, and not be worried about the latest failures of Haitians. We cant help the third world if we are poor ourselves.

C. Flower
09-07-2010, 02:06 PM
Its more important that we address the urgent problems facing Ireland, and not be worried about the latest failures of Haitians. We cant help the third world if we are poor ourselves.

The thread is all about how the Haitians helped themselves.

People Korps
09-07-2010, 03:46 PM
Default Re: Memoir of a Haitian Democractic Leader of the 18th Century
Its more important that we address the urgent problems facing Ireland, and not be worried about the latest failures of Haitians. We cant help the third world if we are poor ourselves.
__________________


You are tedious

Christy Walsh
15-08-2010, 07:44 PM
A group of international academics and authors has written to Nicolas Sarkozy calling on France to reimburse the crushing "independence debt" it imposed on Haiti nearly 200 years ago.

The open letter to the French president says the debt, now worth more than 17bn (14bn), would cover the rebuilding of the country after a devastating earthquake that killed more than 250,000 people seven months ago.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/aug/15/france-haiti-independence-debt?utm_source=twitterfeed&utm_medium=twitter

C. Flower
15-08-2010, 08:05 PM
That would be only fair. It would be even fairer if France paid compensation for all the unpaid labour and natural resources they took from Haiti.

From what I've read before, this was a bill that France imposed on the Haitian former slaves, who had liberated themselves, in exchange for allowing them to keep their freedom.

C. Flower
24-10-2010, 04:50 PM
The Haiti wiki needs updating.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Haiti